There are several other treatments that may be used to treat brain tumours, including:
Surgery: Depending on the location and type of tumour, surgical removal may be the first line of treatment. In some cases, complete removal is not possible, and the goal of surgery may be to reduce the size of the tumour and relieve symptoms.
Chemotherapy: The treatment of disease by the use of chemical substances, especially the treatment of cancer by cytotoxic and other drugs.
Radiotherapy: Radiotherapy is a treatment where radiation is used to kill cancer cells.
Immunotherapy: This type of treatment uses the body's immune system to fight the cancer. For brain tumours, immunotherapy may be delivered directly into the brain through a technique known as convection- enhanced delivery.
Targeted therapy: This type of treatment focuses on specific molecules or proteins that are involved in the growth and spread of the tumour. Targeted therapies may be used in combination with chemotherapy or as a standalone treatment.
Stereotactic radiosurgery: This is a type of radiation therapy that uses highly focused beams of radiation to treat tumours in specific locations. Stereotactic radiosurgery is often used for small, deep-seated brain tumours that are difficult to reach with traditional surgery.
Proton therapy: This is a type of radiation therapy that uses protons rather than X-rays to deliver high-energy radiation to the tumour.
Proton therapy may have some advantages over traditional X-ray radiation therapy, such as reduced risk of damage to surrounding healthy tissue.
Optune therapy: This is a type of treatment that uses low-intensity electrical fields to slow or stop the growth of brain tumour cells. The electrical fields are delivered through electrodes placed on the scalp, and the treatment is typically used in combination with chemotherapy.
Gene therapy: This is a type of treatment that uses genes to treat or prevent disease. For brain tumours, gene therapy may involve introducing genes that can help the immune system fight the cancer or genes that can help suppress the growth of the tumour.
It is important to note that not all of these treatments are appropriate or effective for every type of brain tumour, and the best course of treatment will depend on many factors, including the location, size, and type of the tumour, as well as the overall health of the patient.